Calluses and corns are another common cause of foot pain They are actually patches of thickened skin caused by friction or pressure. Calluses appear on the balls of the feet or on the heels while corns will appear on the toes. Calluses are caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells. In severe cases, the callus has a deep seated core called a nucleation. This type of callus is exceptionally painful. Corns are similar to calluses as they are also thickened patches of dead skin cells which have formed as a protective mechanism against pressures on the foot. Corns however are found on the toes.
Trauma whether acute or repeated on the foot is a great cause of foot pain The trauma is usually as a result of forces outside of the body either directly impacting the body or forcing the body into a position where a single or many forces result in damage of the body structure. Poor biomechanical bone alignment also causes pain in the foot. Tying shoes very tightly can also lead to the pain or even bruising at the top of the foot. Tendon injury known as Achilles tendonitis is also a cause of pain in feet. Long term effects could be corns, bunions and joint and nerve irritation.
Another cause of Ball of Foot Pain is over-pronation. Over-pronation (or excess pronation) occurs in a lot of people, especially as they get older. The arches drop and feet and ankles tend to roll inwards. Excessive pronation is a major contributing cause to heel pain and heel spurs, but it also can lead to Metatarsalgia. As the longitidunal arch collapses so does the transverse arch. The transverse arch is the arch that runs across the forefoot and is formed by the 5 metatarsal bones. The bones in the foot drop and the structure of the foot is severely weakened.
Lifestyle plays big role in people having disorders like foot pain in heel. As people tend to wear stylish footwear without considering the consequences for the foot, the risk increases and the possibility of having foot pain in heel or other foot disorders is likely. Take, for example, flip-flops, heavy, hard Arch Pain fashion sandals and even the latest fashion pointy-toed, towering stiletto. Most flip-flops do not support the foot arch nor provide heel cushioning or shock absorption; the fashionable pointed shoes squeeze and pressurize the foot, and over time could result in debilitating foot problems later in life.
Take the pressure off of this area with some foot pads. You can probably find some metatarsal pads in the footcare section of your drug store, but a piece of felt or foam rubber will do the trick, too - about 1/4" thick, two or three inches long. The idea is to put padding behind the balls of your feet so that you won't pound them so hard. Bend your toes back and press until you find the spots that hurt; tape the padding to the area just behind (that's on the heel side of the pain, not the toe side).
Rather than buy insole inserts start where the problem may be in the first place; comfortable shoes. preferably rubber sole shoes without a heel. Take a look at a Nurses shoe, they have no heels, Why? they stand on their feet all day and walk around all day tending to patients. But if you still want to use a ready made insole, draw a circle on it just above the painful area and cut a hole the size of a quarter. This will offer support to the rest of the heel while relieving pressure on the painful spot itself.
If you had been standing all day or had walked around in high heels, then the foot pain that you might be experiencing could be due to overworked foot muscles.The best home remedy for tired and achy feet is to soak them in warm water. Add a tablespoon of Epsom salt and a few drops of peppermint essential oil. The warm water will help in soothing achy feet muscles and it will relax and rejuvenate you. This is one of the best natural remedies for foot pain and is useful for foot pain that is caused due to fatigue.